D-Lib Magazine
The Magazine of Digital Library Research

I N   B R I E F

March/April 2015
Table of Contents


Rising from Firm Foundations: A New Domain Model for Digital Curation

Contributed by
Stephen Abrams
Associate Director, UC Curation Center
California Digital Library, University of California
Oakland, California, USA
Stephen [dot] Abrams [at] ucop [dot] edu

Digital curation is a complex of actors, policies, practices, and technologies that enables meaningful consumer engagement with content of interest across space and time. At the University of California Curation Center (UC3) we have embarked on a comprehensive reassessment of our curation services and systems to ensure that they are meeting our goals most effectively. In doing so we found ourselves almost immediately asking seemingly simple, yet deceptively difficult to answer questions, such as what exactly do we mean by digital curation and preservation? While there exist a number of useful frameworks for specific areas of curation activity, for example, the Open Archival Information System (OAIS), Trusted Repositories Audit and Certification (TRAC), Preservation Metadata Implementation Strategies (PREMIS), and others, it is not clear how, or indeed whether, these disparate efforts cohere into a unified and encompassing model of the curation domain. For example, many of the concepts at the heart of these standards, perhaps most problematically, "digital object", remain woefully overloaded and under-formalized. Consequently, UC3 has developed a new model of the curation domain to provide a self-consistent and comprehensive conceptual foundation for the planning and evaluation of its activities (http://wiki.ucop.edu/display/Curation/Foundations).

The UC3 model draws freely from many prior efforts in the digital library field, but also incorporates a number of relevant concepts from other disciplines. Most notably, the model considers digital content in terms of five semiotic dimensions of semantics, syntactics, empirics, pragmatics, and dynamics, which refer respectively to content's underlying abstract meaning or affect, symbolic encoding structures, physical representations, realizing behaviors, and persistence and evolution through time. Correspondingly, there is a hierarchical typology of accumulating content utility comprising entities, artifacts, articles, commodities, assets, and heirlooms, which are respectively existential, intentional, purposeful, meaningful, useful, and reliable digital objects. An entity, for example, refers to any undifferentiated digital carrier; an artifact is created through a formative act of identification that demarcates and fixes a particular set of bits on a carrier that can then effectively be the focus of curation interest; an article is created through an informative act of characterization that types an otherwise syntactically opaque artifact; a commodity is created through another informative act of characterization that describes an otherwise semantically opaque article, and so on.

Content engagement is modeled in terms of productive, managerial, and consumptive roles and loci of concerns that co-exist across a continuum of originating, organizing and pluralizing dimensions that respectively encompass the establishment of, codification and imposition of structure upon, and extension of the reach and consequence of curated content. Curation policies, strategies, and plans are modeled in terms of six imperatives: predilect, collect, protect, introspect, project, and connect. Each of these imperatives is applicable to every typological class. For example, the protect imperative applied across entities, artifacts, articles, commodities, assets, and heirlooms leads to considerations of environmental, administrative, technical, intellectual, access, and change control.

The UC3 curation domain model provides a comprehensive, yet parsimonious framework in which to conceive, plan, and evaluate its services and initiatives. While the terminology and concepts defined by the model may appear somewhat unfamiliar, they can be used to make unambiguous, concise, yet nuanced statements concerning curation intention, policy, and outcomes. UC3 welcomes comment and discussion of its work (http://wiki.ucop.edu/display/Curation/Foundations).


UNESCO's Open Access Curricula for Young Researchers and Librarians

Contributed by
Anup Kumar Das
Centre for Studies in Science Policy
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

Open Access (OA) to scholarly knowledge has reached a great height in recent years, due to overwhelming supports from the scholarly communities and national funding agencies. However, there is constant need of capacity development of graduating and early-career researchers, who later will be engaged with OA contents as user, reviewer and creator. The research lifecycle has an important phase, i.e., dissemination of research findings, which now embraces OA channels in many countries. Many for-profit publishers are offering avenues of disseminating research papers through hybrid journals, i.e., publishing in both subscription-based and OA contents. Here an author may need to pay a publishing fee/article processing charge (APC) for publishing an OA article in a hybrid journal, while rest of the articles may not be accessible to researchers in non-subscriber institutions. Recently, collectively consensus has arrived with authors to resist transfer of copyright to publishers. Instead they wish to retain copyright and a Licence to Publish (LTP) agreement is given to publishers for publishing research papers. The SPARC Authors' Addendum is one such instrument to establish LTP agreements between authors and publishers, and for retaining copyright by the authors. Authors who retain copyright with themselves have much more flexible ways to disseminate their published works through their institutional repositories, subject repositories and academic social networks. On the other hand, Creative Commons (CC) licenses are commonly used in disseminating OA contents both in online and offline modes.

All these aspects are very new to graduating young scholars, particularly those who are based in developing countries or the Global South. They need to be made aware and sensitized of these developments in scholarly communications spheres and processes. With the arrival of OA journals and knowledge repositories, researchers have far more choices of disseminating their research findings and also getting immediate global attention or recognition. OA research, similar to other published research, can be measured through citation counts, article-level metrics or altmetrics. Young researchers also need to know about predatory OA journals and publishers, which try to enter into the OA ecosystem compromising quality of research.

With this situation, UNESCO in association with the Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (CEMCA) of the Commonwealth of Learning (COL), launched a set of open access curricula and self-directional learning (SDL) modules for researchers, librarians and library schools3. The OA curricula is produced for two distinct target groups, namely, (I) Open Access for Researchers, and (II) Open Access for Library Schools. The researchers' curricula is an elaborative exploration of scholarly communication processes, concepts of openness and open access, intellectual property rights and research evaluation metrics, while the library schools' curricula has more insights on how library and information professionals would deal with advocating OA scholarly communications and managing OA resources in their institutions. The researchers' curricula consist of five modules whereas library schools' curricula consist of four modules.

The initial structure of OA Curricula was prepared jointly by the project director and UNESCO experts. An international multi-stakeholder experts' meeting on development of curriculum and self-directed learning tools for OA was held on 4-6 September 2013 at New Delhi, where 23 experts participated to finalize the curriculum1. Two supplementary online consultations were also held to substantiate the expert meeting, which helped UNESCO to outline the content for each of the curriculum and provided a framework to develop modules. The OA Curricula was prepared as an outcome of the project titled Development of Curriculum and Self-Directed Learning Tools for Open Access, led by Dr. Sanjaya Mishra of COL as project director. Another research outcome of this project was a report titled Situation Analysis and Capacity Building Needs for Open Access, which influenced the preliminary structure of OA curricula2.

Presently available in print format, UNESCO is planning to make these OA Curricula and SDL Modules available online with a CC license downloadable from the UNESCO website3.


1. CEMCA (2013). International Multi-stakeholder Meeting on Development of Curriculum and Self-Directed Learning Tools for Open Access.

2. Das, AK (2013). Situation Analysis and Capacity Building Needs for Open Access. New Delhi: Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia.

3. UNESCO (2014). UNESCO Launches Open Access Curricula for Researchers and Librarians.



Contributed by
Jamie Hollier
DigitalLearn.org Project Manager
Public Library Association
Denver, CO, USA
jamie [at] annealinc.com

DigitalLearn.org provides training for those looking to gain new digital literacy skills as well as resources and a community of practice for staff and volunteers in libraries, community organizations, non-profits, schools, and other digital literacy training sites. The Public Library Association (PLA) created the program in partnership with the American Library Association (ALA) Office of Information Technology and Policy and the Chief Officers of State Library Agencies (COSLA) with supplemental funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services and guidance from a diverse community of stakeholders and digital literacy advocates.

The "Learn" portion of DigitalLearn.org provides free interactive and self-directed elearning classes that cover a wide range of digital skills, including both basic and practical skills. It was launched In May 2013 and it remains the most widely used resource within the program. New classes, including a growing selection in Spanish, are added to the site regularly. A PDF certificate is provided to participants upon completion. To date, over 17,000 people have completed an online course on the DigitalLearn.org site and its courses are regularly offered as library resources, included in non-profit curriculums, and even are included in parent education days at schools.

The "Teach" portion of the site contains a community of practice for trainers, volunteers, and others working to increase digital literacy and digital engagement to connect and collaborate. This portion was launched in June of 2013 and currently has just over 330 unique posts from more than 10,000 members. Many of the members share curriculum and class materials for others to use. Additionally, there are regular posts about upcoming events, including webinars, news items relevant to the field, questions from those seeking guidance, and people sharing insights from their work and experiences. The DigitalLearn.org trainer community of practice (CoP) is the most active CoP PLA has ever launched.

Although the grant funding for DigitalLearn.org expired in August 2014, PLA has committed to the program and will continue to foster the growth and engagement that make it a vital asset to the digital literacy community. PLA is actively working to acquire additional funding, to build new partnerships, to expand elearning content and to improve the user experience and structure of the site.

If you are interested in becoming a member of the site, using its resources, or just learning more about the digital literacy space, please visit DigitalLearn.org. Additionally, the project team is interested in conversations about potential partnerships, site improvements, or presentations that we can provide to further the reach and engagement with this resource. If you would like to connect with the project team, please email Jamie [at] annealinc.com.


Open Preservation Foundation Provides Stewardship for JHOVE

Contributed by
Becky McGuinness
Community Manager
Open Preservation Foundation
becky [at] openpreservation.org

In February, the Open Preservation Foundation (OPF) announced it was taking up stewardship of JHOVE (JSTOR/Harvard Object Validation Environment) alongside JHOVE2 (its successor).

JHOVE is an extensible software framework that performs format identification, validation, and characterisation of digital objects. It is a widely used tool in the digital preservation community. The recent OPF member survey showed it is the most commonly used software amongst its members. In the results of the OPF broader digital preservation community survey, which will be published shortly, participating organisations also rated JHOVE as one of the top most important tools amongst dozens.

The OPF will take up curation of JHOVE in accordance with its software maturity model. The model comprises five key strategies: quality, visibility, training, open licensing and community integration. In line with each strategy it defines the characteristics of a mature software product and the levels of support that should be provided. The model aims to ensure that software is sustainable by the digital preservation community through use and maintenance with support from the OPF.

During March the OPF will be working with Portico and other members to complete the transfer of JHOVE to its new home. The latest code base will move to the OPF GitHub organisation page. All documentation, source code files, and full change history will be publicly available, alongside other OPF supported software projects, including JHOVE2, Fido, jpylyzer, and the SCAPE project tools.

Once the initial transfer is complete the next step will be to set up a continuous integration (CI) build on Travis, an online CI service that's integrated with GitHub. This will ensure that all new code submissions are built and tested publicly and automatically, including all external pull requests. This will establish a firm foundation for future changes based on agile software development best practises.

With this foundation in place OPF will test and incorporate JHOVE fixes from the community into the new project. Several OPF members have already developed fixes based on their own automated processes, which they will be releasing to the community. Working as a group these fixes will be examined and tested methodically. At the same time the OPF's priority will be to produce a Debian package that can be downloaded and installed from its apt repository.

Following the transfer OPF will gather requirements from its members and the wider digital preservation community. The OPF aims to establish and oversee a self-sustaining community around JHOVE that will take these requirements forward, carrying out roadmapping exercises for future development and maintenance. The OPF will also assess the need for specific training and support material for JHOVE such as documentation and online or virtual machine demonstrators.

The transfer of JHOVE is supported by its creators and developers: Harvard Library, Portico, the California Digital Library, and Gary McGath. The original project was part-funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation in 2003.


DocSouth Data

Contributed by
Stewart Varner
Digital Scholarship Librarian
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library
svarner [at] email.unc.edu

Nearly 20 years after introducing the Documenting the American South digital collection (http://docsouth.unc.edu/), the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library has released DocSouth Data (http://docsouth.unc.edu/docsouthdata/). DocSouth Data makes it easy to download items from the collection in plain text for use with common text mining tools.

The popularity of digital humanities has led to increased interest among humanists in text mining and data analysis. While many tools are available for anyone who wants to experiment with these techniques, researchers often hit a roadblock when it comes to finding collections that are ready for analysis.

DocSouth Data began as an idea to address this challenge by providing access to the data behind the North American Slave Narratives (http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/) collection; the most widely used collection in Documenting the American South.

This was an obvious choice for several reasons; First, it is an extremely compelling collection of historical significance. Second, it is complete and coherent in that it includes all known autobiographical narratives of fugitive and former slaves published as broadsides, pamphlets, or books in English up to 1920. Third, these files were transcribed by hand, making the data far more accurate and reliable than many OCR texts.

DocSouth Data also provides texts from three additional collections of similar quality: The Church in the Southern Black Community (http://docsouth.unc.edu/church/), First-Person Narratives of the American South (http://docsouth.unc.edu/fpn/), and the Library of Southern Literature (http://docsouth.unc.edu/southlit/).

Users can download the collections in two ways: By using a link on the homepage of each collection for which there is a DocSouth Data download, or by navigating directly to the DocSouth Data page at http://docsouth.unc.edu/docsouthdata/ and using the links there.

DocSouth Data was designed specifically with a tool called Voyant (http://voyant-tools.org/) in mind. Created by literature scholars, Voyant easily allows users to create visualizations based on word frequencies and locations within a text. Many other common text analysis tools can also be used to explore the collections.

The UNC Library is particularly excited about this project, as it represents a highly collaborative effort to make some of our richest and most distinctive collections accessible to cutting edge research methods.

To learn more about DocSouth Data, contact Stewart Varner directly at svarner [at] email.unc.edu.


I N   T H E   N E W S

Mellon Grant Awarded to NISO to Explore Patron Privacy in Library and Publisher Systems

March 11, 2015 — "The National Information Standards Organization has been awarded a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to develop a Consensus Framework to Support Patron Privacy in Digital Library and Information Systems. The grant will support a series of community discussions on how libraries, publishers, and information systems providers can build better privacy protection into their operations. The grant will also support creation of a draft framework to support patron privacy and subsequent publicity of the draft prior to its advancement for approval as a NISO Recommended Practice...."

"...This project will consist of three phases. The first will be a pre-meeting discussion phase, which will consist of four virtual forums to discuss privacy of internal library systems, privacy of publisher systems, privacy of provider systems, and legal aspects influencing data sharing and policies. Each of the discussion sessions will be a three-hour web-based session designed to lay the groundwork for a productive in-person meeting at the conclusion of the American Library Association meeting in San Francisco, CA in June 2015. Following the in-person meeting, a Framework document will be completed detailing the privacy principles and recommendations agreed to by the participants, and then circulated for public comment and finalization."

"More information, including a version of the project proposal, is available on the NISO website at: http://www.niso.org/topics/tl/patron_privacy/"

For more information announced on March 11, see the full press release.


Call for Participation to Revise ANSI/NISO Paper Permanence Standard

March 9, 2015 — "The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is seeking participants for a working group to revise the standard Permanence of Paper for Publications and Documents in Libraries and Archives (ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992 (R2009)). This standard establishes criteria for coated and uncoated paper that will last several hundred years without significant deterioration under normal use and storage conditions in libraries and archives. It identifies the specific properties of such paper and specifies the tests required to demonstrate these properties."

"Anyone interested in participating should contact NISO using the online contact form (http://www.niso.org/contact/) and indicate your areas of related knowledge or expertise. The current version of the Paper Permanence standard can be downloaded from the NISO website at: http://bit.ly/1De8vYP."

For more information, see the full press release.


Double-blind peer review for Nature journals

February 18, 2015 — "Authors will be able to opt for double-blind peer review across Nature and the Nature Research Journals. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group's flagship open access journal, will be joining the trial later in 2015. ... Double-blind peer review is being introduced in response to author feedback, and follows trials by Nature Geoscience and Nature Climate Change."

"In double-blind peer review both the authors and the reviewers are anonymised. The Nature-branded journals will also continue to offer single-blind peer review, in which the reviewers are anonymous but know the authors' identity. Corresponding authors will be able to choose whether single-blind or double-blind peer review is used on their submission. Advocates of double-blind peer review argue that it removes biases that relate to the authors (for example those based on gender, seniority or organisation) that might otherwise impact the objectivity with which the review is carried out."

For more information, see the full press release.


UKSG Transfer Code of Practice to be Maintained by NISO

February 9, 2015 — "The National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and UKSG announce that the Transfer Code of Practice will now be supported and maintained by NISO. The Code provides voluntary guidelines for publishers to follow when transferring journal titles between parties to ensure that the journal content remains easily accessible by librarians and readers. NISO has republished Transfer version 3.0 as a NISO Recommended Practice (NISO RP-24-2015) and will move all supporting documentation to the NISO website. A NISO Standing Committee has been established to manage the ongoing support of the Transfer Code of Practice."

"'The Transfer project was initiated by UKSG in 2006 and the first version of the Code was released in 2007 in response to issues identified by the scholarly communications community when journal titles change platform providers or owners,' explains Elizabeth Winter, Electronic Resources Coordinator, Georgia Institute of Technology Libraries, and Co-chair of the NISO Transfer Standing Committee. 'Such transfers can negatively impact libraries, intermediaries (such as serials subscription agents, link resolver administrators, and vendors of large-scale discovery systems), and readers. Often the journal would seem to disappear and links from existing information systems to the content would break, even though the title was still being published. Publishers and platform providers have a vested interest in ensuing that their content is easily accessible. The Transfer Code provides them with the specifics of how they can make sure that all of their stakeholders can continue to make the content available with the least amount of disruption.'..."

"...The Transfer Code of Practice is available on the NISO website from the Transfer Standing Committee's webpage: http://www.niso.org/workrooms/transfer/. The ETAS alerting service continues to be available at: http://etas.jusp.mimas.ac.uk/."

For more information, see the full press release.


Call for submissions for the 2015 IFLA/Brill Open Access award

IFLA and Brill are pleased to announce the 2015 IFLA/Brill Open Access award.

February 2, 2015 — "The IFLA/Brill Open Access award is created to reward initiatives that facilitate and/or promote Open Access Scholarly Monographs in the humanities or social sciences. This is in line with IFLA's stated position on Open Access, which aims to promote open access across its membership. This is also in line with Brill's open access policy. 'Open Access' in the context of this award refers to any structural publication model, where the reader does not have to pay a fee to access the leading version of a monograph and where the content is made available without embargo."

"The award will be given to the person/institute behind the initiative in recognition of outstanding work and effort in facilitating, promoting, advocating, raising awareness in regard to and/or disseminating Open Access Scholarly Monographs published with an open license...."

"...Deadline for submissions: 30 April 2015."

For more information, see the full announcement.


President's FY 2016 Budget Request Includes $237,427,957 for the Institute of Museum and Library Services

February 2, 2015 — "Today the President released his FY 2016 Budget Request to the U.S. Congress. The budget includes $237,427,957 for the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). With these funds, IMLS will provide leadership for the nation's 123,000 libraries and 35,000 museums in all fifty states and U.S. territories through grant making, policy development, and research. The Congressional Justification, which contains detailed information on the Budget Request, is now available at http://www.imls.gov/assets/1/AssetManager/FY16_CJ.pdf on the IMLS website, as well as the IMLS Budget table: http://www.imls.gov/assets/1/AssetManager/BudgetHistory_13-16.pdf."

"The President requests a $9.6 million increase over the FY 2015 enacted level, of which $8.8 million supports a national digital platform, which will be funded through the IMLS National Leadership Grant programs for Libraries ($5.3 million) and Museums ($3.5 million). The agency will focus the additional resources on promoting development of new standards for continuing education for library and museum professionals...."

"...IMLS grant programs support library services in every state and territory through a population-based formula grant. The agency also administers competitive grant programs for libraries and museums that engage hundreds of library, museum, education, and technology professionals in a rigorous peer review process to identify well-designed projects. IMLS supports projects that strengthen library and museum services for Native Americans and Native Hawaiians, as well as projects that strengthen African American museums."

For more information, see the full press release.


Wiley Launches Premium Open Access Journal Advanced Science

January 27, 2015 — "John Wiley and Sons, Inc., today announced the launch of Advanced Science, a new premium, interdisciplinary open access journal. Advanced Science publishes cutting-edge research, selected through a rigorous and fair reviewing process and is presented using the highest quality production standards to create a premium open access journal. 'Top science enjoying maximum accessibility' is the motto of this vibrant and innovative research publication."

"Advanced Science is the latest addition to Wiley's portfolio of Advanced Materials journals and benefits from relationships with widely respected titles including, Advanced Materials, Advanced Energy Materials and Small. Advanced Science covers fundamental and applied research in materials science, physics and chemistry, medical and life sciences, as well as engineering."

For more information, see the full press release.


IMLS to Award $154.8 Million to States to Improve Library Services

January 21, 2015 — "The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) today released its Fiscal Year 2015 allotment table for 56 State Library Administrative Agencies (SLAAs), totaling $154,848,000. These annual grants represent the largest source of federal funding support for library services in the U.S."

"The grants allocate a base amount to each of the SLAAs, plus a supplemental amount based on population. The agency's Grants to States program provides federal funds as a supplement to existing state library services rather than a replacement for state funding, and it assures local involvement through financial matching requirements. The newly released allotment table identifies both the federal (66%) and state match share (34%) for each SLAA."

For more information, see the full press release.


CLIR Invites Applications for 2015 Digitizing Hidden Special Collections Awards

January 21, 2015 — "The Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) is now accepting applications for 2015 Digitizing Hidden Special Collections and Archives awards. The national competition supports digitizing collections of rare and unique content in cultural memory institutions. Funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the program succeeds CLIR's Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives program, which awarded its final round of grants in December 2014."

"Grants of between $50,000 and $250,000 for a single-institution project, or between $50,000 and $500,000 for a collaborative project, may be sought for projects beginning between January 1 and June 1, 2016."

"The application process has two phases. The initial proposal round is open, and proposals are due by 5 pm Eastern time on April 30, 2015. The final proposal round is by invitation. Only those applicants whose initial proposals have been approved by the program's review panel will be able to submit a final proposal. Information for applicants, including a link to the online application form, is available at http://www.clir.org/hiddencollections/applicants."

For more information, see the full press release.


New grants awarded to OCLC strengthen continuing education and professional development for U.S. information workers

January 20, 2015 — "OCLC has received grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Institute of Museum and Library Services to advance and sustain professional development and continuing education for information workers across the United States."

"The grants will support continued work of the Coalition to Advance Learning in Archives, Libraries, and Museums to produce strategies for effective staff learning programs, and will identify new opportunities for mutually beneficial collaboration among archives, library and museum organizations."

For more information, see the full press release.


Marx Will Serve as IMLS Acting Director upon Hildreth's Departure

January 20. 2015 — "Maura Marx, deputy director for library services, will serve as acting director for the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). Marx assumed the leadership role on January 19, following the end of IMLS Director Susan H. Hildreth's four-year term. Marx will lead the agency until a new director is nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. The IMLS directorship alternates between individuals from the museum and library communities."

"Marx began her term as deputy director for library services in May of 2013. Prior to her appointment, she served as director of the Digital Public Library of America Secretariat at the Berkman Center at Harvard University...."

"...Marx was named a "Mover and Shaker" by Library Journal in 2006 and was a fellow at the Berkman Center at Harvard University. She has a B.A. from the University of Notre Dame, an M.A. from Middlebury College, and an M.S.L.I.S. from Simmons College."

For more information, see the full press release.


NISO Identifies Emerging Trends and Strategic Directions for Future Standards Work

January 12, 2015 — "The Architecture Committee of the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) has issued a NISO Strategic Directions document that identifies the trends and emerging themes that will direct the future development portfolios of standards and recommended practices. In 2007, NISO created a new governance structure and, as part of this restructuring, implemented the NISO Framework, an overarching model and roadmap for NISO's standards work. Seven years later, NISO continues to structure the standards portfolio around the core areas of Content and Collection Management, Business Information, and Discovery and Delivery-with a Topic Committee providing leadership for each area. The Architecture Committee determines overall strategic vision for NISO's work, oversees the work of the Topic Committees, and addresses any overlapping areas. The 2015 Strategic Directions document reflects a review by the Topic Committees of their current and recent portfolios, and a discussion of potential future activities where NISO should be involved in the development of new standards and recommended practices."

"'The Architecture Committee launched the strategic directions initiative with a community survey to gather opinions on the key challenges facing our constituents over the next three years,' explains Michael Teets, OCLC Vice President Strategy, Governance and Architecture, and Vice Chair of the NISO Board of Directors and Chair of the NISO Architecture Committee. 'This input was used by the Topic Committees along with their own knowledge and research to determine where NISO can make the most impact in the community through the development of new standards or recommended practices.'"

For more information, see the full press release.

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