Clips & Pointers


D-Lib Magazine
February 2006

Volume 12 Number 2

ISSN 1082-9873

In Brief


CLADDIER: Citation, Location And Deposition in Discipline and Institutional Repositories

Contributed by:
Catherine Jones and Bryan Lawrence
CCLRC - Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
<>, <>

The JISC funded CLADDIER project aims to explore issues and test potential solutions involved in linking repositories of scientific data with the resulting scientific articles held in institutional repositories to enhance the researcher's information environment.

The conceptual starting point for this project is a use case which envisages a scientist, based at the University of Southampton, researching the biology of seawater off the Cornwall coast. As part of her analysis she needs: publications and data on prior or similar work and data in the areas of ocean profiles, metrology and remotely sensed ocean colour imagery. Once her work is complete she publishes a paper, citing the publications and datasets used and lodges her own publication and datasets in appropriate repositories. These repositories will record and maintain the links (citations) between the publication and the datasets. The resulting new work is of interest to a scientist based at University of Reading who will be able to find both the publication and the datasets used through the mutual citations.

The project aims are:

  • To investigate the mechanics for citing data compatible with citing papers to ensure that cited data can contribute to systems such as the UK Research Assessment Exercise using datasets in the British Atmospheric Data Centre (BADC) as a test-bed.
  • To build and test, using active scientists, two location mechanisms:
  1. A light-weight portal which harvests from the repositories within the project, giving a single search ability
  2. A "pinging" mechanism between repositories so that when an article or dataset is deposited in one of the test repositories which cites a digital object in another, the repositories will be able to communicate and share information about this linkage.
  • To report on the issues these mechanisms raise through formal reports, which will be available from the project website, and a workshop towards the end of the project.

The result will be a step towards an information landscape where active environmental scientists will to be able to move seamlessly from information discovery through acquisition to deposition of new material, with all the digital objects correctly identified and cited. The lessons learned will be of applicability for the relationships between other discipline based repositories and institutional repositories, addressing the scholarly knowledge cycle defined by UKOLN [1], within the JISC e-Research environment supporting research and learning and teaching.

The project partners are: the Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC), the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton and two of the constituent centres of the NERC Centre for Atmospheric Sciences (NCAS) – the BADC based at CCLRC and the Centre for Global Atmospheric Modelling based at University of Reading.


[1] JISC/UKOLN Information Environment Architecture: <>.

The Management of Images in a Distributed Environment with Shared Services Project (MIDESS)

Contributed by:
Dr. Stephen Charles
MIDESS Project Manager
Edward Boyle Library
Leeds University
Phone 0113 3437783
Email <>

The MIDESS Project, funded since June 2005 by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), is a two-year project that is exploring the management of digitised content in an institutional and cross-institutional context through the development of a digital repository infrastructure. It is addressing how support for the use of digital content in a learning and research context can be provided in an integrated manner. It is also exploring how use and management of digital content can be joined up in a national context.

This will be achieved by the following:

  • MIDESS is building digital repositories at three of its four partner institutions within the UK. These three institutions are the University of Leeds, the University of Birmingham and the London School of Economics (LSE). These repositories will provide a suitable set of platforms to examine the issues and validity of implementing full digital content management services. A fourth institution University of Central London (UCL) is tasked with analysing the copyright implications of the digital material.
  • The three repositories will be populated with digital content which has already been created, or is currently under creation at the three partner institutions. This includes digitised images from slides and manuscripts and multimedia materials such as video and audio materials. A range of subject areas from across the three institutions will be included.
  • Opportunities for the sharing and re-use of collections across institutions is being explored through the active involvement of academic staff at each of the three partner institutions.
  • Metadata standards are being established for each collection added to the repositories. The METS standard is being explored for bringing together various metadata elements – such as IMS for e-learning materials.
  • MIDESS is exploring the role of digital content repositories within the institutional information architecture, with a particular focus on interoperability with enterprise content management architectures.
  • MIDESS is attempting to establish how distributed digital content repositories could encourage the wider exposure and sharing of content across institutions through an evaluation of requirements for centralised metadata harvesting services.
  • MIDESS hopes to pilot an infrastructure which could serve as a model for future distributed national digitisation activities.

The outputs of the MIDESS Project will be the following:

  • A repositories at each of the three partner institutions for managing digitised content.
  • The population of these repositories with a range of content and supporting metadata.
  • A series of reports on requirements for users, metadata, digital preservation, re-use and sharing of content, harvesting of content and IPR issues.

The website is currently located at <>.

JISC Digital Repositories Programme team launch wiki and mailing list

Contributed by:
Julie Allinson
Digital Repositories Support Officer
Bath, United Kingdom

The Digital Repositories Programme [1], a £4m JISC programme to enhance the implementation and development of digital repositories in the UK, has recently launched a wiki (DigiRep) [2], managed by the Programme's support team. The dedicated Programme support team has been established by JISC to support the work of the Programme and its 25 projects. This support work is shared jointly by CETIS (the Centre for Educational Technology Interoperability Standards) [3] and UKOLN [4] and has five team members: Sarah Currier and Mark Power from CETIS, based at the Universities of Strathclyde and Bolton respectively, along with Rachel Heery, Julie Allinson and Mahendra Mahey from UKOLN, at the University of Bath.

The remit of the support team is varied, and includes providing advice and guidance to projects, helping exploit synergies across the programme and beyond, synthesising project and programme outcomes, liaising with other national and international repositories activities, including feeding into the JISC/DEST [5] eFramework for Education and Research [6], and scoping a repository reference model. Another important role is in collating project outputs, particularly scenarios, use cases and workflows, and using these to scope the repository landscape with the aim of developing a repository typology and taking forward the repository ecology outlined by Kerry Blinco and Neil Maclean of DEST [7].

DigiRep is a central tool for this support work, facilitating communication, discussion and collaboration between the support team and projects, who are encouraged to contribute and enhance the content. Through DigiRep, both project and support team outputs can be disseminated, and discussed, without the need to rely on an editor or web manager. Based on Mediawiki, DigiRep benefits from the robustness demanded by Wikipedia which is also powered by this system. An active development community is keen to further expand functionality through upgrades and extensions.

DigiRep is visible to anybody and will be of particular relevance to those working on repository-related activities, both JISC-funded and beyond. Close ties to other JISC and international initiatives means DigiRep will also be useful to those working within JISC and internationally on reference models and frameworks.

Projects within the Digital Repositories Programme are exploring many aspects of repositories, including different types of resources (e.g., research data, eprints, theses, images, teaching and learning materials, etc.), different issues (e.g., cultural, technical, management, legal, etc.) and different technologies (including, DSpace, Fedora, LionShare, in addition to commercial repository solutions). For example, a number of projects are looking at personal resource management, from the tracking of different versions of research papers [7] to the use of informal wikis and blogs to share learning resources [8]. Identifying such common themes amongst projects is an important task for the support team and, through DigiRep, we can create a collaborative environment for sharing ideas and information.

Keen to foster repository-related discussion and sharing, the DRP support team have also set up a mailing list, JISC-REPOSITORIES@JISCMAIL.AC.UK [8]. Within only a couple of weeks, subscribers numbered in excess of 600, representing more than 30 countries. JISC-REPOSITORIES has highlighted the need for such a discussion list and a number of lively debates have already occurred, including one on the very definition of a repository and the different types that definition might include. Such discussion can only help in our work towards establishing the scope and nature of the emerging repository space.

CLADDIER, MIDESS and SPIRE, covered in this D-Lib "In Brief" column, are all projects funded under the JISC Digital Repositories Programme.


1. JISC Digital Repositories Programme web site <>.

2. DigiRep <>.

3. CETIS <>.

4. UKOLN <>.

5. Joint Information Systems Committee ( and Department of Education, Science and Training <>.

6. e-Framework <> and the E-Learning Framework <>.

7. Repository Services: A Cosmic View? <>.

8. JISC-REPOSTIORIES <> To subscribe visit <> or send email to JISCMAL@JISCMAIL.AC.UK with the message "Subscribe" and your full name.

The SPIRE Project

Contributed by:
David White
Senior Manager: Development
Technology-Assisted Lifelong Learning
University of Oxford
Department for Continuing Education
Ewert House
Ewert Place

The SPIRE project (, funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee, is looking into the feasibility of peer-2-peer (P2P) working in UK Universities. The use of P2P in Higher Education (HE) has raised a number of questions:

  • Is it possible to harness the flexibility and power of P2P systems similar to skype and napster in the context of academic working?
  • How can a peer-2-peer system be managed and controlled to prevent network overloads and inappropriate use?
  • How does a potentially collaborative P2P tool fit with the existing technical infrastructure and working practices of HE?

The project is focusing on LionShare (, an open source P2P system being developed by Penn State University. This tool is designed specifically for academic use and includes appropriate security and collaborative features for the HE environment. SPIRE has installed the LionShare system and is currently evaluating it for technical and political feasibility. In parallel to this the project is undertaking a series of interviews with potential user groups to asses how P2P could fit with, or develop, current working practices. If you are interested in the SPIRE project please contact <>.

OSTI's E-print Network experiences rapid growth

Contributed by:
Karen Spence
Assistant Director, Information Systems
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA

The E-print Network ( is a research communications hub for scientists and engineers. Developed and maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (, it has had significant growth in scientific and technical content. The Network now provides single-query, full-text searching of more than 730,000 e-prints residing on 20,000 scientific Web sites – an increase of 39 percent since January 2005.

In addition, a Deep Web search capability allows integrated searching across 52 major scientific databases containing over three million e-prints, or 20 million pages of full text. The E-print Network also provides links to more than 2,800 professional scientific societies. Researchers can take advantage of an Alert service that provides automatic updates on new e-prints of interest, as well as valuable professional and contact information about e-print contributors, their research activities and sponsoring institutions or laboratories. This extensive base of information gives scientists and engineers access to the latest scientific knowledge in their specialties and disciplines. It also provides the technology and tools to locate, assimilate, and use related information existing on disparate Websites worldwide.

By linking to and integrating publicly accessible scientific e-print Websites and databases from around the world, the E-print Network makes available information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to DOE. The E-print Network is intended for use by scientists and engineers, as well as students, instructors, and grantees at advanced levels of academia.

Increased usage of the Network is a testament to its growing popularity. In 2005, usage increased by 85 percent over 2004; and early 2006 data projects an increase in usage of 96 percent over 2005.

Since 1947, OSTI has been making R&D findings available for the advancement of scientific discovery and technological creativity.

In the News

Excerpts from Recent Press Releases and Announcements

University of Illinois Offers Advanced Degree and Fellowships in Digital Librarianship

February 10, 2006 - "The Graduate School of Library and Information Science (GSLIS) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is now accepting applicants for its Certificate of Advanced Study (CAS) in Digital Libraries program. Five one-year, non-renewable fellowships will be available to CAS and master's degree students wishing to focus on digital libraries in the 2006-2007 academic year. The program aims to give students a thorough and technically focused background in digital libraries that will enable them to serve as designers, decision-makers, and creators of digital collections."

"Students may choose to enroll in the CAS program either on campus at Urbana-Champaign or at a distance via GSLIS's LEEP online education option. The core courses for the program will be offered via LEEP, while elective courses may be completed via LEEP or on campus, as offered. By making use of the LEEP option, GSLIS will be able to offer classes taught by distinguished practitioners from other institutions in the field of digital librarianship."

"The CAS is a program of advanced coursework intended for those who hold a master's degree in library and information science or a related field....With support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), GSLIS will be recruiting and placing a total of five fellows to pursue digital librarianship studies in the 2006-2007 academic year. To apply for the fellowships, students must apply for either the CAS in Digital Libraries, or the MS degree program in library and information science. While applications for the MS degree program have closed for the year, the deadline for applications to the CAS has been extended to March 17, 2006."

For more information, please see the full press release at <

Institute of Museum and Library Services Launches New and Improved Web Site

February 10, 2006 - "The Institute of Museum and Library Services launched a redesign of its Web site to the public on Friday, February 3. 'We want this site to raise awareness about the important role of libraries and museums in American society,' said Mary Chute, Acting Director of the agency that is the primary source of federal funds and leadership to the nation's 15,000 museums and 122,000 libraries. 'Our Web site is great resource for information about trends in library and museum service. The site makes it easy for libraries and museums to apply for grants, get publications, and learn about community partnerships, planning, evaluation and much more.'"

"To ensure that the site met the needs of stakeholders, the Institute received input throughout the process from agency's staff and external users, including museums, libraries, service organizations, congressional staff, and the media."

"The redesign features include:"

  • Clear and intuitive site navigation.
  • More information about the agency's mission and national initiatives.
  • Clearer navigation for grant applicants, reviewers and grant recipients.
  • Project profiles that highlight the role of libraries and museums in their communities.
  • A 'Press Room' for media.
  • Better organization of agency publications, conferences and events.

For more information, please see the full press release at <>.

President's Budget Requests $262,240,000 for Institute of Museum and Library Services

February 6, 2006 - "The President's budget requests $262,240,000 for fiscal year 2007 for the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). The request, which was delivered to Congress today, represents an increase of $15,096,000 or 6.1 percent for IMLS, including:"

  • $220,855,000 for activities authorized by the Library Services and Technology Act, an increase of $10,258,000 from the FY 06 appropriation for the same purposes.
  • $39,885,000 for activities authorized by the Museum Services Act, an increase of $2,496,000 from the FY 06 appropriation for the same purposes.
  • $1,500,000 for the grant program authorized by the African American History and Culture Act, an increase of $658,000 from FY 06, the program's first year.

"The budget request also proposes consolidating grantmaking, data collection and policy advice in IMLS to strengthen federal library and information policy efforts and enhance our national research capacity on domestic and international library trends."

For more information, please see <>.

Baltimore Architecture on the Web

Collaboration Will Make Studying City's Architectural History Easier

February 6, 2006 - "The Johns Hopkins University's Sheridan Libraries have launched the Baltimore Architecture Project, a collaborative effort that will bring together on-line documents relating to Baltimore's rich architectural history that are now scattered among libraries, churches, hospitals, and museums throughout the city and elsewhere."

"Funded by a $40,000 grant from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation, and a $10,000 award from the Middendorf Foundation, the pilot phase of the project features biographical information about Baltimore's most prominent architects and primary source materials pertaining to the city's architecture. Project partners include Towson University, the Athenaeum of Philadelphia, and the Baltimore Architecture Foundation."

For more information, please see the full news release, which can be found on the Johns Hopkins University web site <>.

Georgetown Offers Digital Scholarly Books

New Partnership between Georgetown University Press and Library

January 24, 2006 - "A new partnership between Georgetown University Press and Digital Georgetown will offer free access to scholarly books in a digital format to students, faculty and staff at Georgetown University."

"The first collection to be offered by Digital Georgetown is comprised of several volumes of the Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics (GURT) series. These annual volumes include essays from top scholars in the field of linguistics and will be made available in their entirety, free of charge to Georgetown faculty, staff, and students. The essays are accessible from the Digital Georgetown website as PDFs at"

For more information, please see the press release at <>.

Pew Internet and American Life Project releases "Generations Online"

January 22, 2006 - "Internet access is the norm for most Americans, up to age 70, and all age cohorts of internet users (ages 12 and older) are equally likely to use email; about 90% of all internet users send or receive email. Given the many other variations in internet use among different age groups, it is notable that this basic communications tool is almost universally used."

"Internet users ages 12 to 28 years old have embraced the online applications that enable communicative, creative, and social uses. Teens and Generation Y (age 18-28) are significantly more likely than older users to send and receive instant messages, play online games, create blogs, download music, and search for school information."

"...Internet users ages 29 to 69 years old are more likely than internet users in other age groups to engage in online activities that require some capital: travel reservations and online banking. Buying a product online is equally popular with all internet users except those at either end of the age scale: teens and internet users age 70 or older."

For more information, please see the full press release <>.

Research reveals significant gaps in digital R&D programmes of national libraries of European Union New Member States

January 17, 2006 - "The vision is a shared European heritage network. The aim of the European Commission Information Society Technologies Programme is to ensure better access to resources by fostering European partnerships and increasing the participation of new member states in EU research activities. A recent survey of new member states under TEL-ME-MOR looked at how well the new member states national libraries are achieving or can achieve this goal. The resulting report is aimed at the European and national policy-makers, library specialists, and the managers of the EU research networks in cultural heritage (e.g. MINERVA)."

"The survey revealed what makes it difficult or impossible for National Libraries to be actively involved in research and development programmes. The issues range from intellectual, financial and organisational to the management experience of digitised and born-digital content, the size of digital collections, application and adoption of international standards and technological infrastructure. The result is that only 4 of the 10 libraries surveyed had significant amounts of digitised content."

"The capabilities of these libraries vary. Those of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary and Slovenia have been involved with more European R&D projects and have also built considerable infrastructure such as digitisation facilities, mass storage systems, web harvesting, and search and retrieval gateways."

"National libraries have a huge role to play in the preservation and accessibility of our cultural heritage. They are often the custodians of legal deposit and the national cultural heritage. To fulfil their role in the vision of a shared European heritage the survey concludes that libraries should find a more prominent role in their national R&D programmes; that more resources need to be digitised and new funding models uncovered and that more effective systems for the management of research need to be put in place. The European Commission should help create the conditions needed for international collaborative networks and sharing knowledge and expertise. The gap between technological innovation and its widespread application in society, split between infrastructural, human and social elements of cultural heritage R&D, needs to be overcome at the European level."

For more information, please see the full press release at <>.

NCLIS and the University of Michigan Sponsor National Symposium

January 17, 2006 - "The U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS) and the University of Michigan University Library are sponsoring a national symposium on March 10-11, 2006 to discuss the impact of mass digitization projects on libraries, universities, government, information policy, publishing, and education."

"Entitled 'Scholarship and Libraries in Transition: A Dialogue about the Impacts of Mass Digitization Projects,' this two-day symposium will provide an opportunity for faculty, students, librarians, publishers, information specialists, policy makers, and the broader academic community to discuss the changing information environment."

"Keynote speakers include Tim O'Reilly, founder & CEO of O'Reilly Media, and Clifford Lynch, Director of the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI). Twenty national and international panelists will engage the audience in conversation and share various perspectives about the impacts of mass digitization initiatives."

"While there is no registration fee, all attendees are required to register via the website. The symposium will be held at the Rackham Auditorium at the University of Michigan. For more information, visit"

For more information, please see <>.

Directory of Open Access Journals Reaches an Important Milestone

January 17, 2006 announcment: "As of today the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ, contains 2000 open access journals, i.e. quality controlled scientific and scholarly electronic journals that are freely available on the web."

"The goal of the Directory of Open Access Journals is still to increase the visibility and accessibility of open access scholarly journals, and thereby promote their increased usage and impact. The directory aims to comprehensively cover all open access scholarly journals that use an appropriate quality control system. Journals in all languages and subject areas will be included in the DOAJ. The selection criteria have been updated based on feedback from users to be more understandable ("

"The database records are freely available for reuse in library catalogues and other services and can be harvested by using the OAI-PMH (, and thereby increase the visibility of the open access journals."

For more information, please contact Lotte Jorgensen, Lund University Libraries at <>.

MLA secures Big Lottery grants to Regional Film Archives for WW2 images

January 17, 2006 - "The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA) has secured grants totalling £225,000 to English Regional Film Archives to increase public access to moving image materials relating to the Second World War through new web content delivered by the 24 Hour Museum website."

"This funding has been provided by the Big Lottery Fund, as part of the 'Their Past, Your Future' strand of the 'Veterans Reunited' project."

"The projects will digitise images of Home Front footage and footage relating directly to the experiences of local people who lived through and fought in World War 2, and the period of immediate post-war reconstruction, coupled with wide-ranging outreach programmes to bring this material to new and existing audiences in schools, community and voluntary groups, museums, libraries and archives."

For more information, please see the archived press release on the MLA web site at <>.

International Digital Publishing Forum Announces 2006 eBook Initiatives

New Directors, Technical Standards, and Educational Conference to Address Growing Digital Content Markets

January 17, 2006 - "Will 2006 be the year of the eBook? Based on the explosion of online users, growing popularity of downloadable media and advances in mobile reading devices, the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF, is announcing several changes to its organizational structure as well as the election of a new Board of Directors."

"...Nick Bogaty, Executive Director of the IDPF, said, 'With our name change in 2005 came a new mission to represent a broader spectrum of the digital publishing industry and, with the added energy and enthusiasm of many new members, we are well-positioned to achieve our goals.'"

"The IDPF also introduced a series of organizational reforms to expand the rights and privileges of IDPF members. The reforms have sparked the resurgence of standards activity in the industry with the formation of a new group called the Unified Container Format Working Group. The group was created to solve the problem of publishers having to generate multiple formats when providing content to multiple digital publishing platforms. When implemented, a resulting standard would allow publishers to produce only one format for entry into their distribution channels. Further information can be found at The group regularly meets and will convene in a face to face meeting in New York on February 7th and 8th to complete the majority of the specification."

For more information, please see the full press release at <>.

Copyright 2006 © Corporation for National Research Initiatives

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