This National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded workshop brought together 32 scholars, researchers, and practitioners from the emerging community concerned with social aspects of digital libraries, plus the 8 UCLA investigators (Marcia J. Bates, Christine L. Borgman, Michele V. Cloonan, Efthimis N. Efthimiadis, Anne J. Gilliland-Swetland, Yasmin B. Kafai, Gregory H. Leazer, and Anthony B. Maddox). Our goals were to assess existing knowledge that might inform research in this area and to propose a research agenda that would pose new questions.
We organized the workshop content and selected the participants around two social aspects of digital libraries: information needs, and end-user searching and filtering. In their position papers and in on-site discussions, workshop participants quickly expanded the topical boundaries in several directions. Rather than focusing solely on the individual user who interacts with a digital library, we considered also the group, organization, and community activities and concerns which give rise to information-related behavior. We expanded our interest in information storage and retrieval to include preceding and succeeding phases, incorporating the processes of creating, using, and disposing of information.
Based on the wide-ranging discussions in the workshop, the final report proposes a definition of digital libraries that encompasses two complementary ideas, one emphasizing that they extend and enhance existing information storage and retrieval systems, incorporating digital data and metadata in any form; the other emphasizing that design, policy, and practice should reflect the social context in which they exist. We propose an information life cycle model to illustrate the flow of human activities in creating, searching, and using information and the stages through which information artifacts may pass: activity, inactivity, and disposal.
Research issues raised in the workshop were organized into three foci: human-centered, artifact-centered, and systems-centered. We recommend that research be conducted on these themes, that scholars from multiple disciplines be encouraged to develop joint projects, that scholars and practitioners work together, and that digital libraries be developed and evaluated in operational, as well as experimental, work environments. Only in this way can we build digital libraries to support diverse communities of users in their professional, educational, and recreational activities.
The UCLA-NSF Social Aspects of Digital Libraries Workshop web page includes the final report, the list of attendees, position papers, the UCLA background paper, and links to other sites and materials.
The University Of California Digital Library: A Framework For Planning And Strategic Initiatives (October 1996) sets forth "a framework and set of potential strategies to deal with the human, technical, organizational and financial issues which are critical to the development" of a digital library program for the nine campuses comprising the University of California system. The study calls for an "organic", or incremental approach, and to that end has articulated a series of 12 broad recommendations designed to focus but not prescribe future planning. Two findings are particularly noteworthy: (1) organizational, policy, and financial issues are "more challenging" than technical ones; and (2) while a proposed University of California Digital Library (UCDL) may potentially reduce the rate at which information costs increase and may amortize the increase across a broader base, overall library costs are not likely to decrease in the near term and "substantial new capital investment" is required.
ICCC/IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing '97 will take place at the University of Kent at
Canterbury, April 14-16, 1997. The advance program, registration and related travel information have been
posted to the conference's
web site. Registrations after February 1,
1997 cannot be guaranteed on-campus accommodations.
The Australian World Wide Web (WWW) Technical Conference will be held May 7-9, 1997 in
The schedule is tight: proposals were due on February 14, 1997 and notification of acceptance will be
made on April 14, 1997. Announcement of registration and other organizational details will be via the
Asia Pacific Networking Group (APNG)
Meeting and seminars
January 26-28, 1997
Australian World Wide Web (WWW) Technical Conference
May 7-9, 1997
California Heritage Digital Image
DELOS Working Group
St. Annes College, Oxford
September 14-17, 1997
Eighth International ACM Hypertext Conference
April 6-11, 1997
First International Conference on Autonomous Agents
Marina del Rey, California
February 5-8, 1997
Fourth Dublin Core Metadata
National Library of Australia, Canberra
March 3-5, 1997
A Framework for Global Electronic
ICCC/IFIP Conference on Electronic Publishing '97
University of Kent, Canterbury
April 14-16, 1997
International Infrastructure Standards Program (IISP)
Identified Standards Needed to Implement the Global Information Infrastructure
International Infrastructure Standards Programs (IISP)
Standards Needs Response Report
(November 4, 1996)
Internet Public Library Reading Room
Public Online Texts Collection
|Library of Congress experimental web interface||http://lcweb2.loc.gov/catalog/|
|R&D in the Libraries sector of the Telematics Programme of the European Commission (DGIII)||http://www2.echo.lu/libraries/en/libraries.html|
|UCLA-NSF Social Aspects of Digital Libraries Workshop web page||http://www-lis.gseis.ucla.edu/DL|
University of California Digital Library:
A Framework For Planning And Strategic Initiatives